What and How is Explanation Text?

Explanation text is actually very resemble to procedure text. Do you know what is the reason? Yes, both procedure and explanation are written to show how things are completely done. What makes them different is the way of the text is structured.
Definition and purposes of Explanation

Explanation is a text which tells processes relating to forming of natural, social, scientific and cultural phenomena. Explanation text is to say 'why' and 'how' about the forming of the phenomena. It is often found in science, geography and history text books.



[caption id="" align="aligncenter" width="400"]Defintion of  explanation text Some topics can be labelled as explanation text as why and how[/caption]


Now do you know how an explanation text is written and organized. See the schematic structure below!
Generic structure of Explanation
1. General statement; stating the phenomenon issues which are to be explained.
2. Sequenced explanation; stating a series of steps which explain the phenomena.

Language Feature of Explanation

  • Featuring generic participant; sun, rain, etc

  • Using chronological connection; to begin with, next, etc

  • Using passive voice pattern

  • Using simple present tense


Below are some topics which can be labelled as explanation text


[caption id="" align="aligncenter" width="400"]Topic for explanation text Choosing topics to write an explanation text[/caption]


For more discussion, see the samples here. There are many example explanation text from a variety of topics, some of which have been equipped with the analysis of the generic structure.

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